And is in good working condition. New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2,133 miles (3,433 kilometres). The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad reporting mark.NH , commonly known as the New Haven , was a railroad that operated in New England from 1872 to 1968, dominating the region's rail traffic for the first half of the 20th century. Beginning in the 1890s and accelerating in 1903, New York banker J. Sought to monopolize New England transportation by arranging the NH's acquisition of 50 companies, including other railroads and steamship lines, and building a network of electrified trolley lines that provided interurban transportation for all of southern New England. By 1912, the New Haven operated more than 2,000 miles (3,200 km) of track, with 120,000 employees, and practically monopolized traffic in a wide swath from Boston to New York City. This quest for monopoly angered Progressive Era. Reformers, alienated public opinion, resulted in high prices for acquisitions, and increased construction costs. Also in 1913, the federal government filed an anti-trust lawsuit that forced the NH to divest its trolley systems.
The line became bankrupt in 1935, was reorganized and reduced in scope, went bankrupt again in 1961, and in 1969 was merged with the Penn Central. Formed a year earlier by the merger of the New York Central Railroad. Already a poorly conceived merger, Penn Central proceeded to go bankrupt in 1970, becoming the largest bankruptcy in the U.The remnants of the system now comprise Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line, (parts of) Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, Shore Line East, parts of the MBTA. And the Providence and Worcester Railroad.
The majority of the system is now owned publicly by the states of Connecticut. The Conrail Era and Beyond (1976-Present).
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Learn how and when to remove this template message. General offices of the company, New Haven, about 1905.Train over the Norwalk River. Common stock issued in 1967. The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad was formed on July 24, 1872, through the consolidation of the New York and New Haven Railroad.
And Hartford and New Haven Railroad. It owned a main line from New York City. And leased other lines, including the Shore Line Railway. The company later leased more lines and systems, eventually forming a virtual monopoly. South of the Boston and Albany Railroad.
The first line of the original system to open was the Hartford and New Haven Railroad, opened from Hartford. With steamship connections to New York in 1839, and to Springfield. With rail connections to Worcester.
The New York and New Haven was built later, as it ran parallel to the Long Island Sound. Coast and required many bridges over rivers. It opened in 1848, using trackage rights. Over the New York and Harlem Railroad. Later part of the New York Central Railroad.
In the Bronx area south to New York. From 1913 on, Grand Central Terminal. Served as the New Haven's New York City. About the beginning of the 20th century, New York investors led by J. Gained control, and in 1903 installed Charles S.Morgan and Mellen achieved a complete monopoly of transportation in southern New England, purchasing other railroads and steamship and trolley lines. More than 100 independent railroads eventually became part of the system before and during these years, reaching 2,131 miles at its 1929 peak. Substantial improvements to the system were made during the Mellen years, including electrification between New York and New Haven. See Electrification of the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad. Morgan and Mellen went further and attempted to acquire or neutralize competition from other railroads in New England, including the New York Central. S Boston and Albany Railroad. And the Boston and Maine Railroad. But the Morgan-Mellen expansion left the company overextended and financially weak. In 1914, 21 directors and ex-directors of the railroad were indicted for conspiracy to monopolize interstate commerce by acquiring the control of practically all the transportation facilities of New England. Revenue passenger traffic, in millions of passenger-miles, incl CNE. Under the stress of the Great Depression. The company became bankrupt in 1935, remaining in trusteeship until 1947. Common stock was voided and creditors assumed control.
The earlier expansion had left NH with a network of low-density branch lines that could not pay their own maintenance and operating costs. The demise of the New Haven may have been hastened by the opening of the Connecticut Turnpike. In 1958 and other interstate highways. With decades of inadequate investment, the New Haven could not compete against automobiles or trucks.
In 1954 the flashy Patrick B. Against incumbent president Frederic C. Vowing to return more of the company's profit to shareholders. McGinnis won control of the railroad and appointed Arthur V. McGowan, a longtime McGinnis acquaintance, Vice President.McGinnis attempted to accomplish many of his financial goals by deferring maintenance. McGinnis and McGowan had Chrysler Imperial.
Automobiles custom made so that they could travel along the railroad's tracks to their country estates in Litchfield County, Connecticut. When McGinnis departed 22 months later he left the company financially wrecked, a situation exacerbated by hurricane. In 1959 the New Haven discontinued passenger service on the Old Colony Railroad. Despite this and other cutbacks the New Haven again went into bankruptcy on July 2, 1961. Promenade Street Tower , opened in 1909, controlled the eastern approaches to Providence Union Station.
It operated into the Amtrak era, and was closed in 1986. At the insistence of the Interstate Commerce Commission. The New Haven was merged into Penn Central. On December 31, 1968, ending rail operations by the corporation.A substantial portion of the former New Haven main line between New York and Boston was transferred to Amtrak. In 1976 and now forms a major portion of the electrified.
The main line between New Rochelle. And New Haven is owned by the state of Connecticut.Within its borders and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Within New York borders, and is served by Metro-North. Which runs to New London, Connecticut. Provides commuter service from Providence. On August 28, 1980, American Financial Enterprises, Inc.
Acquired the assets of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad Company when the plan for reorganization was approved by the court and the company was reorganized. This brought to an end the 108-year corporate history of the storied railroad, and the end to the 19-year saga of its second bankruptcy reorganization. American Financial Enterprises would become the largest single stockholder of Penn Central Company shares by the mid-1990s, controlling 32% of the stock of the company. With its government-overseen creation on April 1, 1976.
During the subsequent 23 years, Conrail withdrew from much of that territory, abandoning some track and handing other lines over to the Providence & Worcester, Bay Colony, Boston & Maine, Connecticut Central, Pioneer Valley, Housatonic, and Connecticut Southern railroads. Those lines still operated by Conrail in 1999 became part of CSX Transportation. As the result of the breakup of the Conrail system.NH logo created by Herbert Matter. The state of Connecticut frequently alludes to the New Haven in its modern transportation projects; many Metro-North Railroad. Engines are painted in McGinnis-era livery, while the familiar "NH" logo has appeared on everything from station signs to passenger cars.
The Connecticut Department of Transportation. Has painted its diesel commuter rail locomotives used on the non-electrified Danbury and Waterbury Metro North. Branches, as well as its Shore Line East.Operation, in the "McGinnis Scheme", composed of white, black, and orange-red stripes with the iconic NH logo. All of these lines were formerly owned by the New Haven Railroad. A preservation line based in Essex, Connecticut that runs both steam and diesel traction, has painted the authentic script-lettering insignia of the original "New York, New Haven and Hartford" railroad on the tenders of their resident steam locomotives, 2-8-0 Consolidation type Number 97, and 2-8-2 Mikado type number 40. There is a third steam locomotive in restoration to running order, a Chinese SY-class Mikado, formerly known as the 1658, it is being renumbered and painted as New Haven 3025, and is to be based on a Mikado-type engine that was typical to the New Haven. Passenger trains ran between Grand Central Terminal and Boston's South Station via Providence about hourly during the day (11 weekday trains each way in 1940). Several passenger trains a day including the overnight Federal ran between Washington, D. And New York Penn Station.
Via PRR and on to Boston. Passenger service from Grand Central Terminal to Hartford. The premier New York-Boston passenger train was the Merchants Limited.
For many years these trains carried no coaches; only parlor cars and dining and lounge cars. NH introduced ideas for passenger rail travel, including early use of restaurant. In the steam era, and more during the transition to diesel. NH was a pioneer in many ways; in streamliners with the Comet.
In the use of Diesel multiple units. With both Budd's regular Budd Rail Diesel Cars. (RDCs) and the all-RDC Roger Williams. Trainset, in the use of rail-adapted buses, in lightweight trains such as the Train X. And in experimentation with Talgo.Type (passive tilt) equipment on the train John Quincy Adams. An audacious experiment was the United Aircraft. And light weight attempted to revolutionize medium distance railway travel in the U. The Turbo Train holds the U. Of 170 mph, set in 1968. Day Cape Codder New York- Hyannis. Day White Mountains New York- Berlin, New Hampshire.
Via PRR and B&M (summer only). Hell Gate Express New York (Penn Station). Naugatuck New York- Winsted, Connecticut. Neptune (New York-Hyannis/Woods Hole,) (summer only).
Night Cape Codder (New York-Hyannis/Woods Hole) (overnight, summer only). Via PRR, CN, CV and B&M.Commuter service from New York ran to New Rochelle. Commuter service from Boston went to destinations on the OC system of Greenbush. Needham Heights, West Medway and Dedham. Beginning November 21, 1914, the railroad operated special trains to bring football fans to and from the new Yale Bowl. Passengers rode extra trains from Springfield, Boston, and especially New York to the New Haven Union Station, where they transferred to trolleys for the two-mile ride to the Bowl. On November 21, 1922, for example, such trains carried more than 50,000 passengers. "There is nothing which can be compared with the New Haven's football movement except a record of one of the mass-movements incidental to the European war, " one observer wrote in 1916. The major Cedar Hill hump classification yard. , Maybrook (another hump yard and interchange point for western connections), New York Harlem River.
And New York Bay Ridge. Where interchange was made with the PRR and other railroads in New Jersey. And Cedar Hill yard and on to Boston. Other through freights served the yards above as well as intermediate points and also State Line (New York Central interchange), Brockton. (B&M interchange for traffic for Taunton, New Bedford and Fall River).
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